International Journal of Professional Business Review <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Professional Business Review (e-ISSN: 2525-3654, DOI: 10.26668)</strong>, aims to publish original research in order to contribute to the promotion and dissemination of key issues in professional business and related areas. The JPB Review is published by <a href=""><strong>Logos University International</strong></a>, Florida, United States of America. The <strong>JPB Review</strong>'s content aspires to be relevant and interesting to a wide readership, which adds to the understanding and discussion of professional business from all areas of knowledge and academia worldwide. To be published in the <strong>JPB Review</strong>, authors must adhere to high standards of research and contribute to theory and/or practice in related areas, regardless of whether the level of analysis is the organization, region or country.</p> <p align="justify">The <strong>JPB Review</strong> challenges potential authors to produce high quality distinguished research, well grounded in theory and with high methodological rigor. The demonstration of an effective conceptual contribution will be considered in the journal's editorial process.</p> <p align="justify">To submit your paper (<strong>English, Portuguese and Spanish language</strong>), please visit the online submission page (login and download template). All articles are subject to a double-blind review process. <strong>JPB Review Journal</strong> require a Contributer ID (see <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ORCID and Redalyc ID</a></strong>) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). ORCIDs enable accurate attribution and improved discoverability of an author’s published work. The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript or review a proof in this journal.</p> <p align="justify">This journal <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>is indexing and abstracting in: <a href="">SCOPUS</a></strong> </span>(discontinued and in the process of new indexing in Scopus), <a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0"><strong>SCIMAGOJr Q4</strong></a>, REDALYC (MEXICO), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Latindex, Ebsco Host Publishing, Cengage Gale Learning, PKP Index, Google Scholar and OpenAire (See Indexing &amp; Abstracting page).</p> <p align="justify">In the drive to succeed in its mission, in addition to the traditional editorial, the journal offers:</p> <p>• Editorial Comments</p> <p>• Articles</p> <p>• Perspectives</p> Logos University Int. en-US International Journal of Professional Business Review 2525-3654 <p>Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms: the author(s) authorize(s) the publication of the text in the journal;</p><p>The author(s) ensure(s) that the contribution is original and unpublished and that it is not in the process of evaluation by another journal;</p><p>The journal is not responsible for the views, ideas and concepts presented in articles, and these are the sole responsibility of the author(s);</p><p>The publishers reserve the right to make textual adjustments and adapt texts to meet with publication standards.</p><p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Atribuição NãoComercial 4.0 (, which allows the work to be shared with recognized authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on a personal web page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate positive effects, as well as increase the impact and citations of the published work (see the effect of Free Access) at <a href=""></a></p> MULTICULTURAL EMPLOYEES’ PERCEPTIONS OF DIVERSITY IN SOUTH AFRICA <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This research explored the in-depth meaning of how multicultural employees perceive diversity in South African formal sector firms. In doing so, it extracted the lived experiences of multicultural employees about the cultural differences perceived within the country. South Africa is characterised by cultural and linguistic heterogeneity and a relatively large formal sector economy by African standards.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> For this cross-sectional study, data were gathered through a homogeneous purposive sampling of nine participants and conducting semi-structured interviews. This small sample size allows for a thorough investigation into each participant's lived experience to gather qualitative data. The specific phenomenological method used in this study is a novel interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), which seeks to extract data and discern meaning in the participants' narratives.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The findings were interpreted through the lens of social identity theory within an interpretative philosophical paradigm. These interpretations were leveraged to extract a central narrative that is grouped thematically. The main finding was identifying several factors that contribute to the spanning of cultural boundaries in South African formal sector firms.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Practical Implications:</strong> The study identified how participants make meaning of their experiences within the formal sector of South Africa and how their interpretations shape their behaviour and attitudes.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The findings indicate that a significant amount of intra-country cultural diversity is perceived in the South African formal sector workplace, which can cause friction and reinforce cultural stereotypes.</p> Dirk Scheepers Flip Schutte Copyright (c) 2024 Dirk Scheepers, Flip Schutte 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 9 7 e04384 e04384 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4384 COMPOSITIVE PARAMETRIC ASSESSMENT FOR A MULTI-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING IN CURITIBA-PR <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this work is to evaluate a multifamily residential building through simulation in a parametric manner, considering different constructive compositions of opaque and translucent systems and the construction costs of these compositions as variables of the evaluation scenario.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The work is based on computational simulation practices, presenting a review of the adopted technologies and the necessary foundation for the generation and treatment of the building's performance results.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The methodology adopted for this research comprises three stages: (1) identification and characterization of the problem to be evaluated by computational simulation, (2) development and configuration of the parametric evaluation model, and (3) analysis and discussion of the evaluated scenarios.</p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The results obtained revealed for 2970 simulations a potential RedCgTT of up to 70%, thus representing a significant improvement in the building's performance according to the normative parameter based on the changes made.</p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> This work positions itself as a starting point for the evaluation of broad simulation scenarios for multifamily buildings in Curitiba, PR, aiming to contribute to the compositional decision-making process for residential projects, considering not only the solution's price but also the thermo-energetic potential benefit.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> Through a compositional parametric analysis, this work presents an unprecedented approach by contrasting the relationship between building performance and construction costs.</p> Alexandre da Silva Castagini Rodrigo Karini Leitzke Eduardo Leite Krüger Copyright (c) 2024 Alexandre da Silva Castagini, Rodrigo Karini Leitzke, Eduardo Leite Krüger 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 9 7 e04746 e04746 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4746 COEXISTENCE OR REPLACEMENT? HOW ATTACHMENT TO PRINT AND PERCEIVED USEFULNESS SHAPE AUDIOBOOK ADOPTION <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this study is to investigate the factors influencing readers’ choice between audiobooks and physical books. The research focuses on how perceived ease of use and attachment to printed books affect the intention to adopt audiobook services.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is a prominent theory in the field of information systems that explains how users adopt new technologies.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> For this research, the methodology comprises quantitative method, PLS-SEM analysis, and structural model evaluation. Data collection was carried out through online questionnaires.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The study supports the role of Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU) in increasing Perceived Usefulness (PU) for audiobooks. Attachment to physical books seems to be a complex factor not solely influenced by ease of use or perceived benefits of audiobooks.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The study highlights the importance of user-friendly audiobook platforms. Providers should design intuitive interfaces and emphasize ease of use to attract new customers, communicate the practical benefits of audiobooks, such as convenience and utility, consider offering resources or programs that improve technology literacy and comfort, and develop strategies to address attachment by emphasizing how audiobooks can complement, rather than replace, the traditional reading experience.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> This study contributes to the literature by highlighting attachment to traditional reading formats as a factor influencing audiobook adoption. Previous TAM studies primarily focused on perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness. This study suggests that emotional attachment to physical books can be a resistance mechanism hindering audiobook adoption.</p> Jasmine Vania Fadeli Genieyung Faraninda Sakanti Topan Christian Haposan Pangaribuan Danial Thaib Emanuel Himawan Saptaputra Santo Tjhin Copyright (c) 2024 Jasmine Vania Fadeli, Genieyung Faraninda Sakanti Topan, Christian Haposan Pangaribuan, Danial Thaib, Emanuel Himawan Saptaputra, Santo Tjhin 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 9 7 e04762 e04762 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4762 SERVICE QUALITY PERCEPTION AND BEHAVIOURAL PURCHASE INTENTION IN HOTELS: A MEASUREMENT INVARIANCE OF COMPOSITE (MICOM) APPROACH <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this study is to investigate service quality perception and behavioural purchase intention in hotels by utilizing a Measurement Invariance of Composite (MICOM) approach with the aim of understanding the differences in the service quality perception among male and female guests in hotels.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> In this topic, the main concepts and theories that underpin the research are presented. The service quality theory and the theory of planned behaviour stand out, providing a solid basis for understanding the context of the investigation.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The methodology adopted for this research comprises the explanation design, including a quantitative approach. A total of 751 questionnaires were completed by visitors to Ghanaian hotels</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The results obtained revealed that although male and female hotel visitors perceive service quality differently, there are no appreciable variations between the impact of service quality perception on behavioural purchase intent. In the discussion section, these results are contextualized in light of the theoretical framework, highlighting the implications and relationships identified. Possible discrepancies and limitations of the study are also considered in this section.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed, providing insights into how the results can be applied or influence practices in the field of marketing. These implications could encompass perceived service quality and behavioural purchase intent among hotel guests.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> This study contributes to the literature by By contrasting the perceived service quality and behavioural purchase intentions of male and female customers among hotels utilizing the MICOM procedure. For municipal governments and service providers looking to increase behavioural purchase intention among male and female guests, this paper offers a variety of practical implications. The relevance and value of this research are evidenced by the fact that The assessment of perceived service quality may not be measurement-invariant. Therefore, when comparing the findings of a heterogeneous group, researchers should use caution.</p> Derrick Nukunu Akude Gloria Kakrabah-Quarshie Agyapong Badar Alam Iqbal Copyright (c) 2024 Derrick Nukunu Akude, Gloria Kakrabah-Quarshie Agyapong, Badar Alam Iqbal 2024-07-08 2024-07-08 9 7 e04738 e04738 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4738 THE IMPACT OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF TRANSPORT MEANS IN ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES: THE CASE OF ALGERIA <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study examines how the transport sector has become prominent in any country's economic, social, and urban development.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The growth and development achieved by this transport sector extends its impact to all other sectors, especially at the local level, which affects the country’s general economic growth. This is reflected in the significant contribution that this sector makes, directly or indirectly, to the growth of the Gross Domestic Product and the increase in the financial returns to the State.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> We used the descriptive approach to present the study variables and the inductive approach to draw conclusions and link them to confirm the study hypothesis.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach:</strong> One of the most important results of the transport sector’s contribution to local economic development is its effective assistance in linking production and distribution areas with consumption areas and in ensuring the movement of individuals and the transport sector is also important in creating employment opportunities for a large part of the population, either in the transport sector itself or in other sectors related to or affected by its development.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The study demonstrated that planning transportation programs has become one of the main elements upon which the state's development programs, including local ones, are based, which depend heavily on them for their success and achieving their goals that have a direct impact socially, economically, and politically.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The value of the study lies in demonstrating the impact of transportation means and their planning on the success of sustainable local development programs.</p> Benmahdi Hadia Benberrah Samir Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04821 e04821 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4821 INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT IN EMERGING MARKETS- EVIDENCE FROM BANK OF INDUSTRY LAGOS NIGERIA <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The enormous impact of the micro small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) sector in emerging economies is invaluable vis-à-vis competitiveness of national economies, productivity, growth, employment prospects, poverty reduction and sustainable livelihood has long been recognised widely. This paper critically examines the Bank of Industries (BOI) initiatives to facilitate the development of entrepreneurial activities within the MSMEs sector in Nigeria. The study selected 128 agribusiness entrepreneurs within Lagos metropolis using structured questionnaires and interview schedules for BOI officials.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The paper espouses mixed methodology incorporating qualitative and quantitative approaches relying on primary and secondary data with empirical evidence presented and analysed using SPSS.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The core motives of this paper are to appraise extensively the disbursement of MSMEs intervention funds to entrepreneurs, the BOI supportive mechanism to extensively support MSMEs sector and to ascertain the effectiveness of BOI monitoring and evaluation (M&amp;E) systems on programs if any.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussions:</strong> The study revealed the constraints impeding the BOI capacity to overhaul the MSMEs sector vis-à-vis internal and environmental influences. Likewise, the institution initiatives to support the MSMEs sector embraces capacity building and capital available for entrepreneurs to harness the bank’s programs characterised by numerous factors revealed within the study. The paper uncovered the BOI meaningful role which includes business linkages, jobs opportunities and poverty alleviation with significant impact to stimulate economic development and recommended that the BOI should circumvent political interference and partisan politics, incorporate result-based monitoring and evaluation systems for the institution programmes, publicity and awareness of the BOI programmes and initiatives, the removal of stringent loan conditions to enable fund accessible to entrepreneurs.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> If the findings from the study are well harnessed, the recommendations will reposition BOI policies and programs for effectiveness and vastly boost the entire MSMEs sector and the nation’s economy at large.</p> Emmanuel Idemudia Ilori Isioma Uregu Ile Copyright (c) 2024 Emmanuel Idemudia Ilori, Isioma Uregu Ile 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04712 e04712 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4712 STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IMPACT ON FIRM PERFORMANCE <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aims to examine the impact of supply chain management (SCM) practices on firm performance within the agri-food industry, utilizing Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to analyze the relationships between SCM factors and firm performance indicators.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The study is grounded in the understanding that effective SCM practices can significantly influence firm performance in volatile and competitive markets, particularly within the agri-food sector.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Data collection involved face-to-face questionnaires to ensure comprehensive responses from participants. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed for analysis, utilizing SmartPLS 3 software for data processing.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The results reveal significant positive relationships between SCM practices and firm performance indicators, including economic-financial and commercial dimensions. The discussion delves into the varying effect sizes observed and highlights the critical role of SCM in enhancing organizational outcomes.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Implications of the Research:</strong> This study offers valuable insights into strategies for improving operational efficiency and competitiveness within the agri-food industry, emphasizing the importance of effective SCM practices in driving firm performance.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> By shedding light on the interplay between SCM dynamics and firm performance in the agri-food sector, this research contributes to enriching our understanding of the field and provides practical implications for industry practitioners and policymakers.</p> Mariame Ababou Copyright (c) 2024 Mariame Ababou 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04411 e04411 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4411 THE IMPACT OF DIGITAL CULTURE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND CREATIVE PERFORMANCE (AN APPLIED STUDY OF A SAMPLE OF IRAQI COMMERCIAL BANKS) <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The current study was based on three variables that interact with each other, where (human resources management) is considered an independent variable, (digital culture) is a mediating variable, and (creative performance) is a dependent variable. The goal of the study is determined by determining the nature of the relationship and the impact between the variables of the study.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> This topic presents the most important concepts and theories on which the research is based. Human Resource Management, Digital Culture, and Performance] stand out, providing a solid foundation for understanding the context of the investigation</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> An exploratory analytical approach was used, as the study relied on a stratified random sample of workers in Iraqi telecommunications companies. (310) questionnaires were distributed, and the number of invalid returned questionnaires was (5), while the total number of questionnaires suitable for statistical analysis was (305), with a response rate of (95%). Advanced statistical software (AMOS.V.26) and statistical software (SPSS.V.26).</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> A set of conclusions were noted, the most important of which are: There is an influence relationship between human resources management and digital culture. There is a significant influence relationship between human resources management practices and creative performance. Culture plays a complete and partial mediating role in the relationship between human resources management practices and creative performance.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed, providing insight into how the findings can be applied or influence practices in the field of human resource management, digital culture and innovation performance. These implications may include for the banks sampled in the study and the services they provide.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The importance of this study came from the scarcity of studies that attempted to identify and understand the nature of the relationship between variables (human resources management, digital culture, creative performance), as well as the current study’s attempt to address a realistic problematic problem that directly affects the performance of employees in Iraqi banks.</p> Mohammed Abdulkareem Hasan Al-Dulaimi Ahmed Turki Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammed Abdulkareem Hasan Al-Dulaimi, Ahmed Turki 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04720 e04720 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4720 CIVIL AND CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR QUALITY AND SAFETY VIOLATIONS IN THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aims to examine the legal liability of tobacco companies regarding violations of quality and safety laws, with a focus on how these violations impact public health and community safety. The research seeks to provide a comprehensive analysis of the legal mechanisms available to hold these companies accountable and impose appropriate penalties.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The study is based on a review of legal and health literature addressing the impact of tobacco products on public health, along with an analysis of the policies and regulations governing the tobacco industry. The research highlights the challenges in enforcing quality and safety laws and suggests ways to overcome them to enhance consumer protection.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach:</strong> An analytical methodology was employed, focusing on the study of judicial cases related to tobacco company violations. Data was collected from reliable legal sources and international health reports, and the legal experiences of various countries were reviewed to understand how they have dealt with tobacco company violations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The findings revealed significant disparities in the enforcement of quality and safety laws on tobacco companies across different countries. It was found that companies often exploit legal loopholes to avoid stringent penalties. However, some countries have successfully reduced health damages by imposing strict penalties and raising public awareness about the risks of tobacco.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Research, Practical &amp; Social Implications:</strong> The study demonstrates that strengthening the enforcement of laws related to the quality and safety of tobacco products can significantly reduce the severe health impacts caused by smoking. The research provides recommendations for improving public policies and encouraging collaboration between legal and health authorities to achieve better consumer protection.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The value of this study lies in presenting a comprehensive perspective on the necessity of enhancing the legal accountability of tobacco companies. It highlights the importance of developing stringent and integrated laws that address the current challenges in the tobacco industry, contributing significantly to improving public health and community safety.</p> Lakhdari Fatiha Hifri Amel Nassima Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04823 e04823 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4823 BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY UNDER THE LENS OF SOCIAL INNOVATION: ILLUSTRATING DIMENSIONS AND ELEMENTS IN A SOCIAL FINTECH <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This article is intended to demonstrate how the use of Blockchain by a Social Fintech can be viewed under the lens of the Social Innovation construct and its elements (dimensions).</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The configuration of the elements (dimensions) was based on studies by Tardif and Harrisson (2005), Cloutier (2003) and André and Abreu (2005), according to the model of Souza, Lessa and Lazaro (2019).</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The study was descriptive and exploratory. The case study method was applied with content analysis. The initial inductive analyzes made three dimensions for social innovation emerge more clearly: the Character component, Social Innovativeness and Transformation.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> We came to the conclusion that access to credit using Blockchain technology to fulfill a social demand values territorial specificities through the organization and mobilization of excluded groups and territories, and helps in altering behavior, attitudes or perceptions.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The role of this research for the area of study shows the dimensions of social innovation as a tool for analyzing a social enterprise. Further investigation with more depth in other settings and evaluating the results is essential for this field. New Social Fintechs are continually emerging. Within this environment, economic models are being transformed as they seek a way to break down barriers in the most adversarial models of society by using blockchain technology.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The relevance of this research is related to the role of improving the concept and practices of social innovation and the development of initiatives geared towards social economic inclusion.</p> Ricardo Alan Kardec Loiola José Carlos Lazáro Daiane Mulling Neutzling Aurio Lucio Leocadio Copyright (c) 2024 Ricardo Alan Kardec Loiola, José Carlos Lazáro, Daiane Mulling Neutzling, Aurio Lucio Leocadio 2024-07-12 2024-07-12 9 7 e04607 e04607 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4607 ARTIFICIAL CRISES IN FINANCIAL MARKETS: PROBLEMS OF DIAGNOSIS AND PREVENTION <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The aim of this study is to diagnose and prevent crises in the country's financial markets by managing the connectedness of the attacked market with other.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> Non-statistical changes in the largest connected markets and the parameters of the attacked market's connection with them. There is a need to consider ways to counter crises by managing the connection of the attacked market with other financial markets in the country.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology/Approach:</strong> Methods for diagnosing crises are proposed to identify signs of a man-made crisis and strategies for its prevention. The proposed approach will prevent the actions of unscrupulous private financial market operators who want to receive unscrupulous income, stimulating volatility.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Among the most important results, it was determined that there are serious shortcomings in the organization and structure of financial markets that require active government intervention. The state can not only legislative and administrative, but also financial methods prevent the actions of dishonest operators or minimize the consequences of the crises caused by them.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Research, Practical &amp; Social implications:</strong> This study makes it possible to identify signs of an artificial crisis and strategies for its prevention. Using the data of this study, the state operator in the financial markets can distribute its financial, administrative and informational resources in turn against its opponents and thus have a significant advantage over each of them.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The value of the study lies in the fact that various methods for diagnosing financial crises are offered by studying non-statistical changes in the largest connected markets and the parameters of the attacked market's connection with them. Using this information, the state can minimize the consequences of artificial financial crises.</p> Mohammad Alamarat Oleksandr Koval Vicktorya Koval Dmytro Danylchenko Oleksandr Miroshnyk Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Alamarat, Oleksandr Koval, Vicktorya Koval, Dmytro Danylchenko, Oleksandr Miroshnyk 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 9 7 e03544 e03544 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.3544 CORRUPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NORTH AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST: A CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This article examines the impact of corruption on economic growth in North</p> <p>African and Middle Eastern countries. It aims to uncover the extent to which corruption influences economic performance and to provide policy recommendations for mitigating these effects.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A comprehensive literature review was conducted, analyzing existing studies on corruption and economic growth in the specified regions. Empirical data from various sources were used to perform a quantitative analysis, employing econometric models to identify correlations and causations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings indicate a significant negative relationship between corruption and economic growth. High levels of corruption are found to stifle investment, reduce government efficiency, and deter foreign direct investment, thereby hampering economic development. The results highlight that countries with lower corruption levels tend to exhibit higher economic growth rates.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications:</strong> The study suggests several practical measures for policymakers, including strengthening anti-corruption laws, improving transparency and accountability in government operations, and fostering a culture of integrity within public and private sectors. The recommendations aim to create an environment conducive to sustainable economic growth.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> This article contributes to the existing literature by providing a detailed analysis of the North African and Middle Eastern regions, which have been relatively under-researched in this context. The study&amp;#39;s unique focus on these regions offers valuable insights and tailored recommendations for combating corruption and promoting economic growth.</p> Derradji Oualid Kaabi Rabah Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-16 2024-07-16 9 7 e4829 e4829 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4829 THE IMPACT OF DIGITAL HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AMBIDEXTERITY THROUGH HUMAN CAPITAL AS AN INTERACTIVE VARIABLE IN IRAQI TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES <p><strong>Objective: </strong>This study aims to test the interactive role of human capital in the relationship between digital human resource management and organizational ambidexterity in Iraqi telecommunications companies.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> In this topic, the main concepts and theories that underlie the research are presented. [Digital human resources management, human capital, organizational ambidexterity] stand out, providing a solid basis for understanding the context of the investigation.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> An exploratory analytical approach was used, as the study was based on a stratified random sample of workers from Iraqi telecommunications companies. (350) questionnaires were distributed, and the number of questionnaires retrieved was (20), while those suitable for statistical analysis totaled (330) questionnaires, with a response rate of (90%). advanced statistical program (AMOS. V.26) and statistical program (SPSS.V.26).</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion: </strong>The results of the study revealed that there is a direct positive influence relationship between (human resource management (digital organizational ambidexterity). The results also showed that there is an interactive role for the variable (human capital) between digital and organizational human resource management ambidexterity). Based on these results, a set of conclusions was formulated and recommendations reached in the study.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Research Implications: </strong>The practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed, providing insight into how the findings can apply or influence practices in the field of HR management and organizational digital ambidexterity. These effects may include companies affiliated with the Ministry of Industry and Minerals and the services they provide.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The importance of this study arose from the scarcity of studies that attempted to identify and understand the nature of the relationship between the variables (digital human resources management, human capital, organizational ambidexterity), as well as the present study's attempt to address a realistic problem issue that affects directly the performance of workers in Iraqi telecommunications companies.</p> Sarah Talal Saleem Atiyah Ahmed Turki Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah Talal Saleem Atiyah, Ahmed Turki 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 9 7 e04719 e04719 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4719 THE SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME STRATEGIES AND LEARNER PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN MAKUENI COUNTY, KENYA <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This paper sought to determine how school feeding programme strategies influence learner participation in public primary schools in Makueni County, Kenya.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The study was anchored on; Social Learning Theory, Abraham Maslow’s Theory of Human Motivation and theory of Change.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Descriptive and correlation research design were employed. The target population was 875 respondents. Data was analyzed using descriptive, and inferential statistics.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The findings were; there is no significant relationship between giving nutritious meals&nbsp; and learner participation was rejected from learners’ view but was not rejected as per the Headteachers, Teachers and Chairpersons board of governors’ view, there is no significant relationship among dietary teaching&nbsp; and learner participation was rejected from learners’ view but was not rejected as per the Headteachers, Teachers and Chairpersons board of governors’, there is no significant relationship between regular food supply during school days and learner participation was rejected from learners’ view but was not rejected as per the Headteachers, Teachers and Chairpersons board of governors’ view, there is no significant relationship between small-scale farmers’ engagement and learner participation was not rejected from learners’ view but was rejected as per the Headteachers, Teachers and Chairpersons board of governors’ views.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The study found that learner participation within the study's territory was significantly correlated with the approaches used. The study recommends that Government Ministries of Education, Health and relevant Authorities, Head Teachers, Teachers, Chairpersons -BOM need to provide nutrition meals and dedicate adequate resources to sustain learner participation in Public Primary Schools in Makueni County, Kenya.</p> Mary Mbithe Mwanthi Charles Misiko Wafula John Mwaura Mbugua Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-17 2024-07-17 9 7 e04832 e04832 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4832 IN SEARCH OF INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: INTERINSTITUTIONAL DIALOGUE BETWEEN CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To analyze the relationship between control bodies and management bodies and verify possible tension between them, and what are the causes and consequences for innovation in the public sector.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> The theoretical framework provides relevant information about the supervision of the Audit Courts in Brazil and its influence on decision-making, risk aversion and the impact of this aversion on innovations in the Brazilian Public Sector.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The analysis of this research was based on the methodology of Grounded Theory and on carrying out&nbsp; interviews with directors of two municipalities located in the State of Rio de Janeiro and supervisory employees of two Audit Courts and two Internal Affairs Offices located in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro.</p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The existence of tension between control bodies and management bodies contributes to an environment of insecurity and fear in decision-making in public management. The possible causes of this tension are due to factors originating from both sides and from the public sector inspection relationship itself.</p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> By specifically examining the causes that lead to this tension, this research fills a crucial gap in the literature, offering insights into the challenges and improvements to having a fertile environment for innovation in the public sector</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> By understanding the causes that lead to an aversion to risk in relation to innovation, agencies can create mechanisms that create an environment of dialogue and cooperation for innovation in the public sector.</p> Carina Franco Dias Lyra Emmanuel Paiva de Andrade Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-19 2024-07-19 9 7 e04837 e04837 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4837 THE MODERATING ROLE OF TELECOMMUTING ON THE NODE OF EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT, ITS DIMENSIONS AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To investigate the moderating effect of telecommuting on the relationship between employee engagement, its physical, cognitive, and emotional dimensions, and employee performance within the South African Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> This study adopted the Employee Engagement theory and Social Exchange Theory which provide a basis for understanding the variables under study.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> A quantitative research design was adopted. An online survey was utilised to collect data. A combination of non-probability sampling methods was employed to gather a total of 478 complete responses from employees in the South African ICT sector. The data was analyzed using a range of statistical tools, including structural equation modelling, to derive empirical insights and test the proposed hypotheses.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> The results reveal that telecommuting moderates the relationship between cognitive engagement and employee performance, as well as the relationsip between emotional engagement and employee performance. However, telecommuting did not moderate the relationship between physical engagement and performance, nor the relationship between employee engagement and performance. These findings suggest that telecommuting enhances employee performance primarily through its impact on cognitive engagement and emotional engagement.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> The study's findings imply that organizations, particularly in developing economies, should tailor their remote work policies to strengthen cognitive and emotional engagement among employees to optimize performance outcomes.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> This study contributes to the existing literature by providing empirical evidence on the moderating role of telecommuting in the relationship between different dimensions of employee engagement and performance within the ICT sector in South Africa.</p> Hangwani Raymond Ravhudzulo Chukuakadibia Eresia-Eke Copyright (c) 2024 Hangwani Raymond Ravhudzulo, Chukuakadibia Eresia-Eke 2024-07-19 2024-07-19 9 7 e04778 e04778 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4778 STRATEGIC PLANNING GUIDELINES FOR SUCCESS IN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this research is to examine the organizational structure and operational characteristics of industrial businesses, investigate components of strategic planning guidelines, and develop a structural equation model, with the aim of achieving sustainable success for industrial enterprises.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Theoretical Framework:</strong> Content analysis method is a theoretical framework used to examine the presence and concepts of qualitative data. The framework is used to summarize findings and recommendations, from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions, into frequency values. Survey research framework is a structured approach that guides design, implementation, and analysis of surveys to gather data from targeted populations. The framework is used in quantitative research component, to collect and analyze data using descriptive and inferential statistics</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Qualitative research involved conducting in-depth interviews with 9 experts and facilitating focus group discussions with 11 qualified individuals. Quantitative research is conducted through surveys to 500 industrial business executives, utilizing descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and multivariate statistics.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> Findings from developed structural equation model indicated good alignment with observational data, with a Chi-square value of 0.094, Chi-square ratio of 1.115, goodness-of-fit index of 0.954, and a root mean square error of approximation of 0.015.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Research Implications:</strong> Strategic planning is significant in business operations. Well-formulated business strategies will impact managerial efficiency, creating opportunities and enhancing a competitive advantage for industrial enterprises.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> Findings revealed four significant factors contributing to success in industrial enterprises, listed in descending order of importance: 1) adaptive skills, 2) digital technology, 3) collaboration, and 4) organizational support.</p> Phasakorn Tuntipong Taweesak Roopsing Thitirat Thawornsujaritkul Copyright (c) 2024 Phasakorn Tuntipong, Taweesak Roopsing, Thitirat Thawornsujaritkul 2024-07-19 2024-07-19 9 7 e04774 e04774 10.26668/businessreview/2024.v9i7.4774