The Effect of Job Security and Job Attractiveness on Intention to Leave: the Mediation Role of Employee Engagement




Job Security, Job Attractiveness, Employee Engagement, Intention to Leave, MSMEs, South Kalimantan


Purpose: This study aim to examine the influence of job security on employee engagement, examine the influence of job security on employee intention to leave through employee engagement, examine the influence of job attractiveness on employee engagement, examine the influence of job attractiveness on employee intention to leave and examine and analyze the influence of job attractiveness on employee intention to leave through employee engagement at MSMEs in Sasirangan, South Kalimantan.


Theoretical Framework: The factors that encourage the intention to leave employees such as job security. The term job security in this study is called job security. Job security is a person's expectations about continuity in a work situation that relates to employees' feelings of losing their job or losing desired job features such as lack of promotion opportunities, current working conditions, as well as long-term career opportunities.


Design/Methodology/Approach: This research adopts the philosophy of positivism in its methodology. Therefore, a quantitative survey methodology was chosen. The research design uses explanatory research, which is to examine the effect related to the effect of job security and job attractiveness on the intention to quit employees through employee work involvement. The method used in this research is the path analysis method with SEM modeling using Smart PLS. The research population, namely, employees who work in the sasirangan fabric industry registered with the Department of Industry and Trade of the City of Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia totaled 39 industries with 273 workers. The determination of the sample using the Slovin formula with an error of 5%. So the study sample involved 162 workers with a random sample from a total population of 273 workers.


Findings: The research findings provide evidence that job security has a positive effect on employee leave intentions as well as the mediating role of employee job involvement. Positive perceptions of employees about job security have a positive impact on engaging with their work in the organization. Further findings that job attractiveness has a positive effect on employees' intention to leave, as well as the mediating role of employee job involvement.


Research, Practical & Social implications: Businesses must continue to struggle with global dynamics to remain competitive and grow in the long term by emphasizing the importance of companies managing and retaining employees. The results of research on job security and job attractiveness have a positive effect on employees' intention to leave as well as the mediating role of employee job involvement.


Originality/Value: Findings of this research has contribution to MSMEs in Indonesia, especially in South Kalimantan. Management team of MSMEs could develop their business or maintain the existence by using suggestion that given in this study.


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How to Cite

Firdaus, F., Ujianto, U., & Slamet, R. (2023). The Effect of Job Security and Job Attractiveness on Intention to Leave: the Mediation Role of Employee Engagement. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(5), e01606.