Malaysia's Active Role in the United Nations Security Council
Keywords:Active Role, Malaysia, Non-Permanent Member, Peace, UN Security Council (UNSC)
Purpose: The UNSC non-permanent member plays a vital role in promoting peace and security in current international affairs together with the other five permanent members. Besides the five veto powers, most of the UN members are wishing to be elected as UNSC non-permanent members. Fortunately, Malaysia has been a non-permanent member of the UNSC on four (4) occasions since it acceded to the United Nations in 1957 (1965-1966, 1989-1990, 1999-2000, and 2015-2016). Thus, this study examines Malaysia’s active role in several outstanding UNSC issues. As for affirming its commitment to remain dedicated to resolving international conflict by peaceful means, protecting the world community by the rule of law, and practicing moderation.
Methodology: This study is qualitative research that uses both primary and secondary data gathered from various resources. First, primary data was gathered from various official institutions, including the official website of the UN, the UNSC, and the Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In addition, this study conducted interviews with several experts in the field. Meanwhile, secondary data was gathered from a variety of sources, including books, magazines, reports, local and international newspapers, and internet documents.
Findings: Malaysia's active and committed role in ensuring global peace and security has prompted it to apply for a non-permanent seat in the UNSC. As a non-permanent member of the UNSC, Malaysia receives the recognition and honours of serving the global community. Malaysia can therefore solve international concerns brought up at the UNSC given its significant experience working with different member nations. In doing so, Malaysia supports initiatives to uphold peace and security and works to settle differences constructively.
Research Implications: The study makes a substantial contribution to the body of knowledge, particularly regarding Malaysia's active participation as a non-permanent member of the UNSC. Consequently, this study had a favourable influence on many facets of the community. This study is specifically able to assist the Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and government agencies in dealing with international actors as well as enhancing world peace and cooperation. Meanwhile, in general, this study can boost further research for the academicians related to Malaysia’s significant position in the UN as to help halt international conflicts. Furthermore, this study supports the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which emphasize a significant reduction in all types of conflict and encourage communities and governments to work together to end disputes and insecurity.
Asia-Pacific Leadership Network. (n.d.). Rajmah Hussain: Former Ambassador of Malaysia to USA. The Asia-Pacific Leadership Network. https://www.apln.network/members/malaysia/rajmah-hussain/bio
Barlow, C. (2001). Modern Malaysia in the global economy: Political and social change into the 21st century. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Bedi, R. S. (2021, May 15). Malaysia calls for immediate UN Security Council action to stop attacks on Palestine. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2021/05/15/malaysia-calls-for-immediate-un-security-council-action-to-stop-attacks-on-palestine
Bourantonis, D., & Magliveras, K. (2002). The enlargement of the UN Security Council: Reflections from the current debate. Politics, 22(1), 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9256.00155
Council on Foreign Relations. (2021, August 12). The UN Security Council. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/un-security-council
Fenton, N. (2017). Understanding the UN Security Council: Coercion or consent? Routledge.
Fernandez, J. (2005, July 3). An officer and a Gentleman. The Star. https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2005/07/03/an-officer-and-a-gentleman
Gabriel, P. (2014, October 16). Malaysia wins UN Security Council seat. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/10/16/Malaysia-UNSC-seat/
Hamid, Z. A. (2019, November 4). Malaysia's growing partnership with UN | New straits times. NST Online. https://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnists/2019/11/535568/malaysias-growing-partnership-un
Ismail, R., & Al-Attas, S. S. (2014). A UN chronicle: 1988-1998. Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations.
Karim, A. (2019). New narrative of Malaysian foreign policy. Penerbit USM.
Malaysian Permanent Mission to the United Nations. (2015, January 15). Statement by h.e. ambassador Hussein hanif permanent representative of Malaysia to the United Nations at the quarterly open debate on the Middle East at the United Nations Security Council. Retrieved from https://www.un.int/malaysia/sites/www.un.int/files/Malaysia/2015-Statements-Security-Council/statement_-_unsc_quarterly_open_debate_on_the_middle_east_-_15_jan_2015_-_final.pdf
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. SAGE.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia. (2015a). Malaysia at the UNSC: Background. Malaysia - United Nations Security Council (UNSC). https://malaysiaunsc.kln.gov.my/index.php/malaysia-at-the-unsc/background
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia. (2015b, November 9). Statement by h.e. Dato’ Sri Anifah Aman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia at the UN Security Council briefing on Somalia, New York. Retrieved from https://malaysiaunsc.kln.gov.my/index.php/news-documents/malaysiastatements/item/287-9-november-2015-statement-by-his-excellency-mr-anifah-aman-minister-of-foreign-affairs-of-malaysia-at-the-security-council-briefing-on-somalia-new-york
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia. (2015a). Malaysia: Peace and through moderation. Retrieved from https://malaysiaunsc.kln.gov.my/index.php/malaysia-at-the-unsc/malaysia-s-commitment/strengthening-the-un-peacekeeping-operations
Ministry of International Trade and Industry. (2015, November 21). Chairmans's statement of the 27th Asean Summit. https://www.miti.gov.my/miti/resources/Chairman_Statement_of_27th_ASEAN_Summit.pdf?mid=414
Ramli, N. (2015, October 10). Guardians of world peace. NST Online. https://www.nst.com.my/news/2015/10/guardians-world-peace
Ramli, N. (2016, December 31). Nation's contribution towards peace, security. NST Online. https://www.nst.com.my/news/2016/12/200726/nations-contribution-towards-peace-security
Richard, B. A. (2012). Reform of the United Nations Security Council. Penn State Journal of Laws & International Affairs, 1(1). https://elibrary.law.psu.edu/jlia/vol1/iss1/2/
Security Council Report. (2020, December 16). The veto: UN Security Council working methods. https://www.securitycouncilreport.org/un-security-council-working-methods/the-veto.php
Security Council. (2005, July 26). Security Council establishes monitoring, reporting mechanism on use of child soldiers, unanimously adopting resolution 1612 (2005). United Nations. https://www.un.org/press/en/2005/sc8458.doc.htm
United Nations. (n.d.). Current members: United Nations Security Council. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/content/current-members
United Nations General Assembly. (n.d.). Razali Ismail, president of the 51st session of the UN General Assembly. https://www.un.org/en/ga/president/51/
United Nations Peacekeeping. (2001). Republic of Congo: ONUC - Background. https://peacekeeping.un.org/sites/default/files/past/onucB.htm
United Nations. (1997, March 20). Assembly president proposes increase in Security Council membership to 24 by adding 5 permanent, 4 non-permanent members. United Nations: Meetings Coverage and Press Releases. https://www.un.org/press/en/1997/19970320.ga9228.html
United Nations. (2020, November 16). Security Council must reflect twenty-first century realities, delegates tell General Assembly, with many calling for urgent expansion of permanent seats. https://www.un.org/press/en/2020/ga12288.doc.htm
Wah, Y. J., & Jumrah, A. W. (2017). The role of Malaysia in the United Nations Security Council. Current Legal Issues, 1, 1-7.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms: the author(s) authorize(s) the publication of the text in the journal;
The author(s) ensure(s) that the contribution is original and unpublished and that it is not in the process of evaluation by another journal;
The journal is not responsible for the views, ideas and concepts presented in articles, and these are the sole responsibility of the author(s);
The publishers reserve the right to make textual adjustments and adapt texts to meet with publication standards.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Atribuição NãoComercial 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which allows the work to be shared with recognized authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on a personal web page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate positive effects, as well as increase the impact and citations of the published work (see the effect of Free Access) at http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html