Emergency Simulation: model for evacuation in large public places

Rogério Costa, Paulo César Pinheiro


This study aims to create a model focused on reducing evacuation time in emergency situations. The situations of queues and human agglomerations are due to a large part of the population swelling occurred in the last decades, therefore, the analysis of the general trends of behavior in the pedestrian circulation contributes to the identification of the possible displacement flows in situations of crowd evacuations. In this case, the creation of a model that simulates real conditions of panic leakage can generate results with practical application in everyday situations, thus contributing to the correct design of entertainment facilities such as movie theaters and theater. Reducing exposure time is a key factor in minimizing major damage and loss in emergency situations.


Humanitarian Logistics; Complex Systems Modeling; Emergency Simulations


Altiok, T. and Melamed, B. Simulation modeling and analysis with Arena. Academic press, 2010.

Axelrod, R. Advancing the art of simulation in the social sciences. Complexity, v. 3,n. 2, p. 16–22, December 1998. ISSN 1099-0526. Disponível em: 3.0.CO;2-K>. Acessado em: 16/08/2017.

Borning, A. et al. UrbanSim: using simulation to inform public deliberation and decision-making. Digital Government, v. 17, p. 439-464, 2008.

Bryan, J., “Human Behavior and Fire,” In Fire Protection Handbook, Eighteenth Edition, Cote, A. (Ed.), National Fire Protection Association, pp. 8.1-8.30, 1997.

Corpo de Bombeiros. Instrução Técnica 012/2010. Disponível em:

. Acessado em 02/09/2017.

Downey, A. B. Think complexity: complexity science and computational modeling. 1st ed. United States: O’Reilly Media, 2012.

Fehler, M. et al. Techniques for Analysis and Calibration of Multi-agent Simulations. In: ESAW. 2004. p. 305-321.

Freitas Filho, P. J. Introdução à Modelagem e Simulação de Sistemas com Aplicações em Arena. Florianópolis - SC: Visual Books, 2008.

Furtado, B. et al. Modelagem de sistemas complexos para políticas públicas. IPEA-Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada. Brasília. Disponível em: . Acesso em 19/08/2017.

Gomes Jesus, J. Psicologia das massas: contexto e desafios brasileiros. Psicologia & Sociedade, v. 25, n. 3, 2013.

Helbing, D. and Molnár, P. Social force model for pedestrians dynamics. Physical Review E, 1995.

Helbing, D. et al. Simulating dynamical features of escape panic. Nature, v. 407, n. 6803, p. 487-490, 2000.

Mckinney, W. Python for data analysis: data wrangling with pandas, NumPy, and IPython. 1st ed. China: O’Reilly Media, 2012.

Nelson, H.E. and Mowrer, F.W. (2002) Emergency movement, in: P.J. DiNenno, et al. (Eds.), The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 3 ed., Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Bethesda, MD, 2002, pp. 3- 367–3-380.

NORTH, M. J. et al. Experiences creating three implementations of the repast agent modeling toolkit. ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation, v. 16, n. 1, p. 1-25, Jan. 2006.

Proulx, G. and Richardson, J. “The Human Factor: Building Designers Often Forget How Important the Reactions of Human Occupants Are When they Specify Fire and Life Safety Systems,” Canadian Consulting Engineer, 43(3): 35-36, May 2002.

Ripley, Amanda. Impensável – como e por que as pessoas sobrevivem a desastres. Globo Livros, 2008.

Turner, R. and Killian, L. (1954). Collective Behavior. Englewood‐Cliff, NJ:Prentice‐Hall.

Vargas, M. et al. (2012) Modelagem do fluxo de pedestres pela teoria macroscópica. Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, v. 34, n. 4, 4318.

Veyret, Y. (org.). Os riscos: o homem como agressor e vítima do meio ambiente. São Paulo: Contexto, 2007.

Windrum, P. et al. Empirical validation of agent-based models: Alternatives and prospects. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, v. 10, n. 2, p. 8, 2007.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2019.v4i1.53

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Intern. Journal of Profess. Bus. Review (e-ISSN: 2525-3654)

Faculty of Economics and Business, University A Coruña, Rúa de Maestranza 9, 15001 A Coruña, Spain

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.